The Code of Practice 2014 defines SEN as:
“A child or young person has SEN if they have a learning difficulty or disability which calls for special educational provision to be made for him or her.”
The four broad areas of need are:
- Communication and interaction e.g.: autistic spectrum and language disorders.
- Cognition and learning – e.g.: dyslexia, dyspraxia, dyscalculia, moderate learning difficulties, global development.
- Social, mental and emotional health - e.g.: ADHD, ADD, attachment disorders, emotional difficulties, mental health difficulties.
- Sensory/physical – e.g.: hearing or visual impairment.